Kyrgyzstan History

Introduction. Before you start travelling in Kyrgyzstan we would like to outline main periods in history of Kyrgyzstan and also we have prepared a short introduction for you! People in Kyrgyzstan are known to be very hospitable and have an interesting and wide history. For you to have a short information representation, the Kyrgyz didn't built towns and any buildings as they extremely cared about nature of the country. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan car rent you will see that all important events of the Kyrgyz people are represented in an oral form. There were no written testimonies of anything, just oral representation transmitted through generations. It is known that the history of the Kyrgyz people is estimated to be about 2000 years old. During tours in Kyrgyzstan you will face with the idea that the Kyrgyz appeared in 201BC. For you to be acquainted with the history of the country, we would like to let you know main periods of Kyrgyzstan:

Prehistory (1 million years ago - 1 000 BC). 1 million years ago - 1 000 BC is known to be the prehistory of Kyrgyztsan. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you will visit the cultural monument - Rock Art Gallery in Cholpon Ata. You will see that the Bronze age identifies us the walls covered with images of animals and people, of everyday activities, hunting and rafting and so on. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan and visiting this place you have an amazing opportunity to make a witness of all these images.

Ancient History (1 000 BC - 300 AD). The period of 1 000 BC - 300 AD is known as the ancient history. It is the time when the Kyrgyz start to become known since 201BC. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan you can find a great variety of notes of the Chinese historian Sima Tan making his notes "Historical notes". He identified the Kyrgyz as the tribe who conquers Hunnu. The other notification is given by historian Ban Gu. Thanks to these investigations it is possible to make tours in Kyrgyzstan as the country is developed and investigated. In accordance with historical notes, the state of the Kyrgyz people was located in the east of Turkestan.

Turkic Era (500-1200). In continuation we would like to talk about the period of 500-1200 as a Turkic Era. The Era is known to be the period of migration of the people who spoke Turkic language from mountains of Altai to Central Asia. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan you will see that nothing was known about the Kyrgyz people up to the 7th century. It is still a mystery. But in the 7th century there was the creation of the Kyrgyz Kaganate. The Kyrgyz are known to come from Altai, Yenisey River in South Siberia. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you will be given various facts about historical periods of the country. The 7th century is also knonw as the time of powering of Barsbek. Then in the 9-10th centuries the Kyrgyz started to widen their territories. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan the historian Barthold made his own investigations in the country and created the term Great Kyrgyz Empire.

The Mongol Rule (1200-1400). In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you have a great opportunity to get closer to the country by finding out that 1200-1400 is the time of Mongol Rule. It is considered to be one of the most tragic periods in the history of the country. The Mongol Rule means the destruction of greatly developed Turkic culture. The one who ruled was Chenghiz Khan.

Then the situation changed in 12-15th centuries when the people started to adopt the religion. Islam started to be taken by hundreds of people all over the territory. But in the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you still can notice nomads and shamans.

Kyrgyz consolidation (1400-1800). In the course of tours in Kyrgyzstan you will find out that the period of 1400-1800 is the Kyrgyz Consolidation. It is well known that in the 15th century people started to move from Siberia to the territory of Kyrgyzstan that we know now.  Travelling in Kyrgyzstan you will see that in 15-19th centuries there was no any state and heads of tribes were asking for them all to be united. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan you will see that actually there was not created a single state, but various tribal unities with a single political system of two wings.

Russian Colonization (1770-1917). Then in the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you will see that the other period came in 18th century. The Russian Colonization powered in 1770-1917 with the Russian Empire being the head of it. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan you can find out that the Kyrgyz suffered from threats and dangers from outer countries from the own county. That is why they saw China, Kokand and Kazakhs as their main threat. Then, they found it to be dangerous to have certain deals with their own citizens of south regions. That is why the north of  the country decided to find help under protection of the Russian Empire. But the south was against being united and in the end was joined by force. With the Russian Empire being on the territory of Kyrgyzstan the system of administration was bettered.

Soviet Rule (1917-1991). Bolsheviks came in 1917 and conquered the Russian Empire. They promised the people unity and better life. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you will be able to get to know that the education system, culture and art, cinema and science started to develop. The Kyrgyz got their own state as an autonomous republic. But sad events also found their existence - it was prohibited to believe in God, and cases of Atheization, Collectivization and Cultural Revolution created innocent deaths.

Independent Kyrgyzstan (since 1991). Now you have a great opportunity to make a tour in Independent Kyrgyzstan as there are a lot of various cases right for you in store. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan you can notice signs of the independent country - flag, emblem and anthem. 1993 - the year of adoption of Constitution, 1992 - the year when the country was included in the UN list. But it didn't become better - Kyrgyzstan was considered to be the country of disability and distabilization. Moreover the political situation was shattered by revolutions in 2005 and 2010. Those times it was dangerous to travel on cars for rent in Kyrgyzstan but for now you are free to take any tour you wish. 



English / Русский