History of Kyrgyzstan

Introduction
Kyrgyzstan is the country of unchanging history that will make you to learn more about its significant events when you travel in Kyrgyzstan and decide to rent a car for another trip. The first thing that needs to be said is the nomadic way of life of Kyrgyz, which brought up a great contribution to the history. It is a well-known fact that Kyrgyz never built big cities, towns and castles because they preferred to be close to the nature and peace. In the course of your tours in Kyrgyzstan, you will never see abandoned scripts on the rocks, because they used to have face to face conversation. The first remaining of the word "Kyrgyz" was found 2000 years ago in 201 BC.

Prehistory (1 million years ago - 1 000 BC)
One of the most striking features of the prehistory of Kyrgyzstan is the growth of culture and art. In your tours in Kyrgyzstan, you will find the Rock Art Gallery in Cholpon Ata, which considered being the cultural legacy of country. According to some researches, this place was a spiritual center of human in the Bronze Age. We recommend you to visit Rock Art Gallery during your tour in Kyrgyzstan. You will be shown 2000 images on the rocks, which defined the lifestyle of Kyrgyz people. There are pictures of goats, bulls, horses, deer, camels, dogs and others historical creatures. Besides, you will find images hunting, plowing, ritual dancing, animals with carts, labyrinths and erotic.

Ancient History (1 000 BC - 300 AD)
Let us start from the ethnonym "Kyrgyz" that appered in 201 BC. One Chinese historian Sima Tan highlighted in his "Historical notes" that Kyrgyz dominated by the Hunnu. Another Chinese historian Ban Gu mentioned in his chronicle Han-shu (History of Han) that Kyrgyz was found in 1st century BC. There were next points that Kyrgyz appeared in the area of Eastern Turkestan and developed in the east from the territory of Kyrgyzstan. There are many disputes about dates of Kyrgyz establishment.

Turkic Era (500-1200)
Another good thing about Turkic Era is that in the period of the early Middle Ages was a great movement of Turkic-speaking tribes from the Altai Mountains to the Central Asian region, which formed first Turkic dynasties in the 6th and 13th centuries. The Kyrgyz was still unknown in 6th century, but later formed its establishment in 7th century on the middle Yenisei River and South Siberia. The ruler of Kyrgyz Kaganate was Barsbek ajo-king.  Over the centuries the Yenisei Kyrgyz established its dynasty from the Irtysh River in the west to the Big Khingan range in the east as well as from the Angara and Selenga Rivers in the north to the Gobi Desert in the south. Finally, the Great Kyrgyz Empire was formed by the soviet historian Barthold.

The Mongol Rule (1200-1400)
During your tour in Kyrgyzstan guests will drive cars for rent, and they will be told about the Mongol Rule, which brought up catastrophic events to the history of Kyrgyzstan and Central Asia. It was period of Mongol assault. The powerful Mongol dynasty was formed by Genghis Khan who ruled the territory of Central Asia and demolished the Turkic state in 1207. It forced the Yenisei Kyrgyz to join Genghiz Khan's army. He ruled almost several hundred years. 

In 12th  and 15th centuries the Kyrgyz started to follow Islam religion due to Persian and Arab supporters who took a part in the Silk Road.

Kyrgyz consolidation (1400-1800)
It is important to note that Kyrgyz moved in Kyrgyzstan from South Siberia in 15th century, but still the Kyrgyz state was absent. There were many fights to build Kyrgyz state and finally they formed ethno-political system consisting of two wings and center as well as tribes. They were independent and formed for four centuries.

Russian Colonization (1770-1917)
The Russian colonization made efforts to make Kyrgyzstan join to Russia and protect from threats of China, Koqand and Kazakhs. Thus, Kyrgyzstan peacefully accepted the Russian colonization while Kazakhstan was taken by force as a result of colonization policy and military operations of the Russian Empire. After all, they developed a new administrative-territorial system and settled agricultural economy.

Soviet Rule (1917-1991)
Most of all, Bolsheviks made a great contribution for the history of Kyrgyzstan in 1917.  In your tours in Kyrgyzstan, you will be told that people in that period had equal rights and supported by the government. The political, economic and cultural situation of Kyrgyzstan was high. It was time of developing elementary, secondary and higher education as well as professional literature, theatre, painting, cinema, science and the institution of metal industry and machinery. The prosperity of Kyrgyzstan developed thanks to the Bolsheviks, excluding the Authorization, Collectivization and Cultural Revolution, which killed many people.

Independent Kyrgyzstan (since 1991)
An important point is that Kyrgyzstan is finally got its independence. They introduced national flag, emblem and anthem. The Constitution of Kyrgyzstan was adopted in 1993. As a result of independence, Kyrgyzstan joined to UN in March, 2. The prosperity time gone and Kyrgyzstan faced with a poor political situation which led to the unemployment. The country met political, economic and social disaster. Unfortunately, Kyrgyzstan struggled with two revolutions happened in 2005 and 2010. Meanwhile, the previous conditions were dealt and new parliamentary system established in 2010.  Nowadays, the government of Kyrgyzstan became stable and open for its travellers who planning to travel in Kyrgyzstan having visited and taken the offers of car rent companies.



English / Русский